Steps In Successful Team Building
This section on Team Building Techniques explores the essential aspects of planning, setting up, and maintaining an effective team for specific projects or assignments.
Teams are not the same as other groups: they need to be planned, built, and maintained. A number of people who happen to work together in the same place may not operate as a team, and may not need to.
A team has a distinct characteristic – it is a group working together to achieve a common purpose, and it may be composed of people drawn from different functions, department, or disciplines.
Increasingly, teams are groups set up for a specific project, are empowered to steer and develop the work they do, and are responsible for their achievements.
STEPS IN SUCCESSFUL TEAM BUILDING
1. Decide whether you really need a team
Just because it’s fashionable to talk about team building, it does not mean that every job needs a team to complete it. It may be that a single skilled person working alone and properly supported can achieve the task more effectively than forming a group of people into a team. Consider whether you need a range of expertise and experience, shared workloads, brainstorming, and problem solving. If you do, a team will be your best option.
2. Determine your objectives and the skills needed to achieve them
Be clear about the broad outcome of the project. Identify the technical and team skills you need and bring together individuals with that range of skills. Whatever the range of personnel available, the key is to pick people with a mix of different skills. These include team skills personal skills, and technical abilities. Read articles about other interesting career topics to become more developed.
3. Plan a team-building strategy
Invest time at the outset in getting the operating framework right so that the team will develop and grow through good team building techniques. Click here to view the various areas to consider.
4. Getting the team together
It is important at this early stage that you don’t actually try to solve the problem you are confronted with. At the initial meeting you should aim to start to build the group into a team. Discuss and agree the outcomes the team is to achieve. Clarify the common purposes and ensure that everyone knows what his or her personal contribution to the team’s success is, its place in the project schedule, and its importance to the project’s success.
5. Identify individual’s strengths
Audit individual’s strengths so that the team as a whole can benefit from all the skills and expertise available. Consider bringing in someone with team building experience to help with the initial phases, especially if the team’s task is important.
6. Include yourself as a team member
Your role as a member of a team, not just as the boss. Emphasise that everyone in the team has an important role and that yours happen to be the team leader. Act as a role model and maintain effective communication – especially listening – with all members.
It may be helpful for roles to remain fluid, adding to the flexibility of working relationships without team members losing the focus of their individual strengths or objectives. An effective leader may decide to cede project leadership temporarily to another team member when specific skills are required.
7. Check objectives
Check the team’s mission regularly to ensure that members still have a clear focus on what they are working towards by team building techniques, individually and as a team.
8. Dissolve the team
When the team has accomplished its tasks, acknowledge completion. Carry out a final review to see if the team has achieved the objectives and toevaluate the team’s performance; individuals should learn, improve, and benefit next time round from this exercise. If all the objectives have been met through team building techniques, the team can be disbanded.